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Principle of Interior Design

At the end of this Article , You as an Interior Designer will easily able to understand the use of SPACE and DESIGN for any kind of Interiors.Interior designer will know the basic principle of designing a space, It could be Residential or commercial.


"Interior Design"is a process which include maximum use of the given spaces while considering ergonomics & anthropometrics of the users.It encompasses the conceptual planning, aesthetic and technical solutions applied to achieve the desired result.

An "Interior Designer" is a trained professional who creates functional and quality interior environments. Qualified through education, experience and examination, a professional interior designer can identify, research and creatively resolve issues to design a healthy, safe and comfortable physical environment.


• The basic theory of proximity is concerned with the arrangement or categorization of elements that relate to one another.

• To understand why, when elements of a similar nature are grouped together the information becomes a visual unit. This provides a viewer with a visual clue as to the concept you are communicating rather than being confronted with a scattering of unrelated graphical elements.

• When a number of graphic elements are close in proximity a relationship is implied. If elements are logically positioned they connect to form a structure to your design, this is also known as Visual Hierarchy.

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Visual Hierarchy arranges elements to create focal points by positioning their priority within a concept as a whole. To do this you will need to ask yourself what the key elements of your design are, which graphics communicate your concept most strongly? Which graphics support your concept and how could you illustrate them to create a visual structure from most to least important? You may consider displaying your graphics using different sizes and colors to give them visual weight. Visual weight refers to the relative size and scale of the various elements in a design. This gives meaning to the relationship between objects, or parts, of a whole. Scale is used to create the contrasting relationship of size between elements in a composition. Study your design concept and take note of what attracts your eye first, where do you look next and how does your eye move around the visual elements of your design? Is a relationship implied in the ordering, grouping and placements of your graphical elements?

Examples :-


The principle of alignment focuses on the placement of graphical elements and their relationship to each other and as a whole. Following the principle of proximity, alignment allows a visual connection with elements in your design to be formed even if they are not close in proximity. Alignment helps to create unity and balance. Balance is the concept of visual equilibrium. It is the combination of opposing elements in a composition that results in visual stability. Most successful compositions achieve balance using symmetry or asymmetry. Symmetry refers to the organisation of elements in which a balanced visual hierarchy is achieved through the alignment of graphics along a horizontal or vertical axis. This means that your design can be reflected precisely over a central axis like a mirrored image. In contrast, design elements that display an unbalanced visual weighting that are made up of elements differing in size, color and shape are organized and positioned against one another to create asymmetry.